Types of Museums
History Museum: History museums can be housed in modern buildings or inside a historic site. Collections document the history of a specific region, time period, or other theme that pertains to its Mission Statement.
Examples: The Henry Ford, Smithsonian's Museum of American History
Historic House: A historic house is furnished in period décor and usually interprets a fairly narrow aspect of history. They often commemorate a famous person or a historical or regional event.
Examples: The Biltmore, Paul Revere House, Olana
Art Museum: Art museums feature fine arts collections including paintings, sculptures, furniture and other decorative arts. Many art museums have highly specialized collecting objectives.
Examples: Boston Museum of Fine Arts, The Met, The Museum of Modern Art
Open Air Museum: A collection of historic buildings in a village setting is called an “open air museum.” These museums usually feature first person interpreters and craft and cooking demonstrations. Many open air museums also include livestock and farming demonstrations.
Examples: Sturbridge Village, The Farmers' Museum, Greenfield Village
Maritime Museum: Museums that focus on water-related topics such as boating, shipwrecks or whaling are called maritime museums.
Examples: Mystic Seaport, Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum
Science Center: A museum that focuses on science is usually called a science center. They feature interactive exhibitions relating to scientific themes.
Examples: Great Lakes Science Center, The Exploratorium
Natural History Museum: Natural history museums explore topics such as dinosaurs, animals, fossils, and native peoples.
Examples: The Field Museum, Smithsonian's Museum of Natural History
Aviation Museum: An aviation museum focuses on the history of aircraft, aviation and flight. Most aviation museums contain a collection of vintage airplanes.
Examples: National Air & Space Museum, College Park Aviation Museum
Zoos: A zoo’s collection contains live animals from around the world. Many zoos participate in conservation programs to preserve endangered species.
Examples: The National Zoo, The Columbus Zoo, The Brooklyn Zoo
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